Omega 3 and Omega 6

Omega 3 and Omega 6 Food Supplements

Essential Fatty Acids: Omega 3 and Omega 6

The so-called “essential” fatty acids are fatty acids that cannot be synthesized by the human body and that are vital to the proper functioning of its physiological activities. They must therefore be supplied through diet to meet the body’s daily needs.

The two essential fatty acids are linoleic acid (LA), precursor of all fatty acids in the omega 6 family, and alpha-linolenic acid (ALA), precursor of all omega 3 fatty acids.

From these two precursors, the body can synthesize other fatty acids, including long-chain fatty acids like omega 3 family eicosapentaenoic (EPA) and docosahexaenoic (DHA) acids, and omega 6 family gamma linolenic (GLA) and arachidonic (AA) acids.

However, since the conversion rate of these acids is too low to cover daily needs, it is essential that food supplies not only the essential fatty acids, but also their long-chain derivatives in adequate quantities.

Omega 3 and Omega 6 Ratio

The metabolism of these essential fatty acids follows two parallel pathways that use common enzymes. There is therefore an enzymatic competition between omegas 3 and 6 when being converted to long-chain fatty acids (EPA, DHA and AA). As a result, excessive intake of omega 6 inhibits EPA and DHA production by their precursor, alpha-linolenic acid.

In other words, if a diet is too rich in omega 6, the body uses less omega 3 resources, causing health complications, including cardiovascular diseases, and allergic or inflammatory reactions.

This physiological competition at the enzyme level explains why it is recommended that the omega 6/omega 3 ratio tends towards 5, to avoid an excessive competition with omega 3 fatty acids caused by omega 6 fatty acids.


Natural Sources of GLA

Among the omega 6 fatty acids that the body produces from linoleic acid, there is one that is highly important: GLA, seen as the “good omega 6”. Studies have shown the role of GLA on skin health, but also on the inflammatory state in general, demonstrating the usefulness of supplementing with GLA.

If our diet is generally too rich in omega 6, it may be deficient in GLA, due in particular to a limited conversion rate of linoleic acid (LA). A high percentage of the population is unable to produce GLA effectively for a variety of reasons, such as food deficiencies, alcohol or tobacco abuse, and aging.

It should be noted that popular oils like sunflower, canola, soybean and peanut oils do not contain GLA. The main sources of GLA are seed oils, namely:

  • Borage oil (Borago officinalis);
  • Evening primrose oil (Oenothera biennis);
  • Blackcurrant oil (Ribes nigrum).


With regard to GLA percentage, borage oil is the richest (from 22% to 25%).


Benefits of GLA on Skin Beauty

Omega 6s are also important components of skin cells. If they run out, skin loses its flexibility and is subject to dryness.

GLA is essential to skin beauty because it is the omega 6 that promotes the highest skin nutrition, however, it is difficult to obtain from a normal diet. This is the reason why a food supplement rich in GLA, due to the large quantity of borage seed oil it contains, can be used.

To take advantage of the benefits of omega 6s, it is necessary to balance their intake with omega 3 fatty acids.


Which Food Supplement with Omega 6 (GLA) Should I Choose?

GliSODin Anti-aging : formulated with omega 6 and omega 3, this food supplement helps nourish and maintain beautiful skin.

GliSODin Skin Brightening : its borage oil content, one of the richest sources of vegetable linolenic acid (GLA) helps achieve an even complexion.


Health Benefits of Omega 3

Omega 3s are a family of polyunsaturated fatty acids essential for the body, whose precursor is α-linolenic acid (ALA). ALA is found in some green vegetables and seeds like chia, canola and nuts.

From this precursor are synthesized other omega 3 fatty acids like EPA and DHA, essential for the proper maintenance of brain, heart and visual functions.

However, this process is relatively inefficient, since only an extremely small amount of ALA consumed is converted by the body into DHA and EPA. This is a problem because most of the health benefits of omega 3 fatty acids come from EPA and DHA.

Therefore, it is vital to obtain it directly from main food sources like fatty fish and crustaceans.

One exceptional source of omega 3 is provided by a tiny crustacean: the krill. Krill oil has very high moiety of EPA and DHA linked to phospholipids, which facilitates their bioavailability and also their integration into cell membranes. This association, acting on the cutaneous barrier, is highly beneficial to skin balance. Ensuring skin hydration helps maintain its flexibility suppleness and elasticity.


Benefits of Omega 3 on Skin Beauty

Omega 3s are essential for visibly beautiful and healthy skin. Because they are healthy fats, omega 3s act as emollients, natural moisturizers that work from within. They help strengthen the skin’s barrier function for better hydration, suppleness and elasticity.

Unless you consume a lot of fish and other omega 3-rich foods, it is difficult to provide the body with enough omega 3. Taking a food supplement rich in DHA and EPA will help to take advantage of all their benefits.


Which Food Supplement with Omega 3 (DHA and EPA) Should I Choose?

GliSODin Anti-aging : this food supplement is formulated with krill oil highly concentrated in omega 3. It helps slow aging and preserve skin beauty by providing the necessary EPA and DHA to ensure balance.

Choose your food supplement with Omega 3 and Omega 6